The ranchers were forced to rely on their own resources. Mary Jaques stated the necessary techniques every rancher must know, “The ideal ranchman must be butcher, baker, carpenter, blacksmith plain cook, and milker.” Female ranchers were responsible for herding, and branding livestock. They also raised chickens, and operated the household. The ranchers needed the cowboys though, who did daily task on the ranchers. A lot of the cowboys were young men, mostly Mexican or African American. There clothes and tools were suited for that particular environment. They used long rope “lassos” to catch cattle. They faced many dangers such as blizzards, floods, and stampedes. These events killed many cowboys. They were forced to work 24 hours and slept in their saddles. On top of that they earned $300 per year. It was very difficult to make ends meet for the cowboys.
It all started with Howard Hughes Sr. when he encountered a problem that everyone in the oil industry understood. The drill bits couldn’t cut through the hard rock, but luckily Howard came up with his own idea. He outlined the design of the Hughes Rock Bit which now allowed him to cut through rock 10 times faster. A lot of people including Howard were drawn to Texas because of the promise of fortune when you joined the oil business. With in two years the city of Beaumont had 50,000 residents. Beaumont was considered a boomtown. A boomtown is a busy place that grew along the economic booms. People in the boomtowns were simply looking for money, but some resorted to gambling or drinking. These activities made people resort to violence which made it a very dangerous place to live.
Commercial farming was a large scale growing of crops to sell for profit, and the railroads opened new areas for commercial farming. Railroads offered lower prices for shipping cotton. From 1874 to 1878 the number of cotton bales shipped tripled Railroad companies, but they didn't just ship cotton they also shipped fruits, rice, vegetable, and other crops. As commercial farming boomed, thanks to the Railroads,all the values of agriculture goods shot up. For example East Texas rose from 10 million to 40 million, and West Texas rose from 574,000 to 8 million. This rise in value increased crop production instead of the rise in farm prices.