Clarence Gideon was accused of committing a crime in Florida. He appeared in court without an attorney. He asked the judge for an attorney because he couldn’t afford one. His request was denied because he had only committed a misdemeanor, not a capital crime.
Gideon was found guilty. He challenged his conviction on the grounds that the judges refusal to appoint an attorney violated Gideons rights under the sixth amendment.
Guarantees the right to legal counsel for criminal defendants in federal and state cournts.
The Sixth Amendment to the Constitution says that a person accused of a crime has the right to “the assistance of counsel for his defense.
This case determined that defendants have the right to a lawyer even if they can’t afford one, a lawyer will be appointed to them.