Abraham Lincoln was the president of the US during the Civil War. Lincoln opposed the spreading of slavery and freed the slaves in states that were in rebellion. He believed in a strong central government instead of individual states’ rights. Lincoln wrote the “Gettysburg Address” to ‘preserve the government’. He wanted to preserve the Union and would do it by all costs.
Ulysses S Grant was the General of the Union army during the Civil war. He fought in the war to defeat the Confederate General Lee and his army. The Union won and abolished slavery in the US.
Frederick Douglass was an enslaved African American that escaped to the North so that he wasn’t a slave anymore. After he escaped he became an abolitionist and fought against slavery. He wanted enslaved African Americans to be free.
Robert E. Lee was the General of the Confederate army during the Civil War. He opposed secession and believed that the Union shouldn’t be held together by force. In the end of the war he encouraged the Southerners to accept defeat and become Americans again.
Jefferson Davis was the president of the Confederate states of America. The Confederate states were states that supported slavery because they used slaves for farming. Jefferson Davis didn’t want to lose the slaves for their plantations, as that was part of their life.
Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson was a skilled general in the Confederate Army. He got his nickname, Stonewall, at the battle of Bull Run. He got killed when one of his own soldiers shot him in a battle.