The Romans find a leader named Scipio and he helped expand Romes republic. They have senates to create laws. The consul are used as supervisors. The tribunes protect citizens by vetoing unfair laws.
As Rome expands, the republic is unstable and they change to a dictatorship. More than 1/3 of the people are enslaved people. Generals would seek power on a different path, making the army less powerful. Because of the lack of power, if someone had a loyal army and powerful enough, they could take over by force. This is exactly what Julius Caesar did.
The lowest class were the Enslaved people. These people would work at Latifundias which are farms or estates that the enslaved worked at. The next class was the patricians who are people born into land. The senate and consul are still a thing but act more as a court with very little power. At the top is the dictator. The dictaor has the most power and rules over all with no foundation for a dictator not to abuse power..
The Romans took over Judea, the homeland of the jews. Jesus is born and is grown up jewish but starts to preach his own teachings.His beliefs are similar to Judiasm. Main focus was to love god like your neighbor and to have a relationship with god.
Many factors had a play in the end of the Roman Empire. For example, many hostile tribes outside of Rome disrupted trades. The resources were low as well such as silver and gold. THe government raised taxes desprete for money. Agriculture went down as the soil was over used and war destroyed farm lands and diseases became serious problems causing a decrease in population.
The legacy of Rome is still seen to this day. Many of the land the Romans conquered were categorized as a single state. In addition, the Latin language, the language of the Romans, is still used to this day. Their architecture has played a big rule in architecture today. For example, the Colosseum is now represented by sporting event fields and use similar design. Finally, we still use similar law systems. One of these are: A person should only be punished for their actions, not thoughts.