The Persians invaded Ionia and won. Ionia got mad and rebelled because they were there first. Athens sended soliers to Ionia, but they got crushed. But the Athenians did succeed in burning down some Persian bulidings. King Darius got mad and swore revenge to burn Athens to the ground.
The greeks ambushed the persians and with their phalanx battle strategy they slautered them. Pheidippides ran 26.2 miles to shout NIKE! To let the athenians know that they had won. He died right after giving the information.
Battle of Marathon 490BC
Battle of Thermopylae 480BC
The Athenians had retreated from Thermopylae and Athens. The Persians had burned down Athens. But what the Persians didn't know was that the Athenians were preparing for war, a war at sea. When the big Persian ships went into the narrow canal they couldn't manuver real well. So the Athenian triremes that were smaller and easier to manuver were able to ram the Persian ships with the hard bronze front and sunk 1/3 of them. A Greek victory.
Battle of Salamis 480BC
Battle of Plateau 479BC
The final battle. Athens crushed persia at sea while sparta crushed any Persians who fled to the land. Utter inilation. The greeks won and forced King Xerxes to flee.
300 Spartans stood strong. But a traitor let them down. None would survive. Yet the Spartans still succeeded in the delay of the Persians, and they also killed about 20,000 Persians even after being extremely outnumbered. Yet they did suffer a big loss the loss of their king King Leonidas. A Persian victory.
Effects of the Persian wars
After the war the greek city-states came together to form the delian league. It was a pact basically that said if Persia or anyone else attacks again that they would all come together to fight the common enemy. But the power got to Athens head since they ruled the Delian league and that later led to the Peloponesian Wars.