Stop right there! You are under arrest for grand theft auto!
*Angry clown honk*
Preliminary Hearing and Grand Jury Indictment
We'll settle this in a trial then.
Where someone has commited a crime and is taken into custody by law enforcement officers.
Opening statements, presentation of evidence, and closing statements
The judge determines if the suspect was involved in a crime, and the jury determines if there is enough evidence to charge the suspect with a crime, called an indictment.
Jury, deliberation, and verdict and sentencing
Hmm... I see.
Where the formal reading of the charges take place. If the suspect responds as not guilty to charges, then it is taking to a trial. If the suspect responds as guilty to charges, then there is no trial held, and the suspect is sentenced.
Appeal if necessary
You are guilty! My job here is done!
At the beginning of the trial, both attorneys on each side will speak directly to the jury to explain their side. After this, the prosecutting attorney calls a witness to a stand to explain what they saw. However, the defendant's attorney is allowed to cross-examine the witness. Once all witnesses that are called upon have spoken and have been cross-examined, both attorneys bing out their final arguments.
When the final arguments have been presented, the jury is called to decide if the defendant is guilty or not. When the jury is ready, they notify the judge.
If the jury says the defendant is not guilty, the defendant is released. If the jury says the defendant is guilty, then they are sentenced. But, if the defendant believes his attorney didn't do his job properly, then he can appeal his sentence and have an appelate court check his case.