The nobles back in the Middle Ages wrote this document. It was written in 1215. They wrote this to limit the king's power and protect their rights. This introduced the concepts of limited government, rule of law, and due process.
The pilgrims wrote this document. It was written in 1620. They wrote this because they needed a government. They ended up creating a self-government.
The parliament wrote this document. It was written in 1689. They wrote this to keep the king's power in check. This ended up expanding the rights of the people, while limiting the power of the king.