The Cold War was a conflict that lasted from 1947 to 1991. During the conflict, two world superpowers, Russia and the U.S., fought indirectly over who really held the most power. Though no violent action was taken against either side, the war tested how much each side was willing to risk in the face of mass extinction.
As president of the United States, I hereby declare the Communist Party a threat that must be contained
Many debate on what actually started the Cold War, but there are several major reasons that are noted to have started it. After WWII ended, the U.S. and Russia were left as the superpowers of the world, but each one desired complete influence. Some note the start date at when North Korea invaded the South, as this prompted true military action. On the other hand, some attribute the start to more political decisions, like the Berlin airlift or the Truman Doctrine.
Europe is in tatters, but the U.S. is giving aid. We support Democracy!
We are tired of Capitalist disputes. We want Soviet Communism!
We may have defeated communism, but at a horrible cost.
Both sides of the war were eager to out-develop one another, especially when it came to nuclear weapons. This period of out-building one-another's military power was known as the arms race. Also, The superpowers knew that if one side attacked, the other would retaliate with even more nuclear force, which would undoubtedly end the world through mass destruction. This concept was known as mutually-assured-destruction, and is what prevented the two foes from attacking one another.
To add an even greater sense of security, the U.S. formed the N.A.T.O. alliance, which consisted of primarily democratic countries like France and England. All of the countries in the alliance agreed that if invaded, the rest of the countries would come to their aid. This provided a much greater sense of security, and prevented Soviet invasion. To retaliate, the Soviets formed the Warsaw Pact, an alliance which consisted of primarily communist countries like Poland and Hungary. This alliance also gave the Soviets a greater sense of security, but increased Democratic/Communist tensions.
Now that we're allied, you can't attack us!
Now we're allied too, you can't attack us either!
As the years went on, both sides began attempts at ending the period of tension. The S.A.L.T. talks worked to limit long range I.C.B.M. weapons as well as missile defense systems, with the hopes of gradual disarming. Also, president Reagan initiated the "Star Wars" program, a program aimed at shooting down missiles with lasers from satellites in space. This program in a way intimidated the Soviets, and is sometimes attributed to the end of the Cold War and the decrease in missile production.
I hereby agree to reduce our arsenal of I.C.B.M.s
I hereby agree to reduce our arsenal of I.C.B.M.s as well.
The end of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold War. On December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved after Russian leader Gorbachev's decision to grant independence to its members, as well as his decision to allow elections in Russia. This milestone represented an end to a grueling period of tensions and suspicions, and could finally let the democratic countries of the world take a sigh of relief. Today, we have experienced a period of relative peace in comparison to our past, and it can be said that humanity has taken great strides in world peace since the end of the Cold War.
Today, I formally announce the end of the Soviet Union, as well as my hopes for an end to a long period of tension