By the 1890s, European governments and Japan had claimed large areas of China.
This area officially belongs to my country.
The foreign invasions of their country made many Chinese people angry. Their anger fueled a revolution in 1911, and the new government could not control the country.
But in 1927, a military leader named Chiang Kai-shek had formed the Nationalist government.
Meanwhile, Chiang’s rival, Mao Zedong, gained support from Chinese farmers.
That's not all, I also believe in communism, and won power in 1949. We set up the People’s Republic of China on the Chinese mainland.
So the Nationalists fled to the island of Taiwan. There, they set up a government called the Republic of China. There are now "Two Chinas"
Mao Zedong introduced the Great Leap Forward a few months later. Many peasants left the fields and began working in factories after that. Cities grew rapidly. The program failed, however. Poor planning, natural disasters, and a drop in food production led to widespread starvation.
What! It was made to increase China’s industrial output!
I hoped to get rid of any cultural elements that did not support my idea of communism.
In the late 1960s, scholars such as doctors and teachers were commanded to work on farms and the students were taken from school and sent to the farmlands to work.
But Communist leaders refused! All we wanted to do is to get the Communist government to negotiate with us as an equal
Meanwhile, the Republic of China proceeded to the aim of “one China”. The Nationalist government on Taiwan wanted the mainland Communist government to treat them with peace.
Nationalist government at first placed limits on citizens' rights, such as freedom of speech. By 1970, however, they had begun democratic change and grew an economy based more on a free enterprise system.
Mao died 6 years later. China's communist leaders relaxed economic controls. People could now keep small manufacturers and sell products for profits. Standards of living improved, and China became a rising global power. Many Chinese, however, wanted American-style democracy. Saying that the Communist Party would continue in charge, China's leaders broke street protests that demanded political change.
If you guys didn't know, I died at the age of 82 on September 9, 1976, at Beijing, China