The peasant uprising that removed the Mongols and the Yuan Dynasty from power was led by a man named Zhu Yuanzhang . He took control of China and named himself Emperor Hongwu. This was the beginning of the MingDynasty.
This was an era of large civil engineering projects including: The great wall of china-the great wall was almost completely rebuilt by the Ming Dynasty. Grand Canal - The Grand Canal was was rebuilt during this time. Forbidden City - This city was the emperor'rs palace and was located inside the capital city of Bejing. It had almost 1,000 buildings and covered over 185 acres of land.
Emperor Chengzu was the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He did a lot of good things to strengthen China like re-building the Grand Canal and establishing Trade and diplomacy with other countries. He also moved the capital to Beijing and built the Forbidden City. He later was known as the Yongle Emperor.
In early Ming times, China's domain extended considerably in the south as a Result of it's successful invasion f northern Vietnam. But the brief occupation of Vietnam was met with determined local guerrilla resistance, and the Ming government quickly decided to restore the boundary to its original line. It never again attempted to push southward.
Also during the Ming, Japan became more aggressive. In the 15th century Japanese raiders teamed up with Chinese pirates to make coastal raids in Chinese waters which were of a relatively small scale.
The Ming government was gradually weakened by factionalism between civil , interference by palace eunuchs, the burdens of a growing population and succession of weak and inattentive emperors. In 1644 a rebel leader, Li Zicheng captured Beijing and the local Ming military commander requested aid from y=the Manchu tribal peoples who had been encroaching on China's northern borders. The Manchu drove out Li Zicheng and then remained establishing the Qing Dynasty.