Cuban Missile Crisis
By 722897, Updated
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Khrushchev Plans to Protect Cuba
Khrushchev Upgrades Cuba's Defense
Evidence of Offensive Missiles is Discovered by a U-2
After the Bay of Pigs Invasion; Americans call for an invasion in Cuba. Khrushchev plans to protect Cuba, while they worry about nuclear missiles that the U.S. placed in Turkey. Khrushchev gives Cuba antiaircraft weapons called SAMs.
Kennedy assembles the Ex Comm
The SAMs (Surface-to-air missiles) are designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
Soviet Ships threaten a start of war as they near the U.S. blockade
On the 29th of August of 1962, a U.S. U-2 spy plane flew over Cuba and detected the SAMs. When questioned the Soviets told the U.S. that the SAMs were defense missiles and denied that the missiles were for offense. Kennedy gave word to the public that there is no danger. Later in October of 1962 the first evidence that the Soviets were lying came from pictures.
Castro closes the Cuban door's
Kennedy assembles the Ex Comm to help him respond. An air strike on the missile sites was favored by Ex Comm members. Instead a blockade was a put up. It was seen as an act of war, but the chances of missile launch was less likely to happen.
The threat was announced by Kennedy and U.S. forces were put on full alert. Several Soviet ships with missiles made their way towards Cuba. Khrushchev warned if anyone tried to stop them it would mean war. Khrushchev sent a letter to Kennedy offering to remove the missiles if the U.S. pledge to not invade Cuba. Kennedy accepted.
Cuban exiles blamed the Democrats for losing Cuba. Kennedy was criticized for following a policy of brinkmanship. And Castro closed the Cuban doors to exiles in Nov. 1962 by banning all flights to and from Miami.
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