The CA Gold Rush started January 1848 when James Marshall discovered gold at sitters mill in Caloma, CA.
Miners skills included different methods of mining such as panning for gold, rocker or cradle, sluice boxes, hydraulic, dredging, and underground hard rock mining. one skills included building housing for population growth.
From 1849 to 1856 it ranged from 20 dollars per day to 3 dollars per day with more money made in the beginning when gold was more plentifull.
For supplies they needed gold mining pans, shovels, pickaxes, and wood.
The living conditions were poor and harsh for the miners. The work was physically demanding and they were over exposed to the sun. They lacked fruit and vegetables and clean water so diseases spreed quickly. Miners were mostly men.
The miners faced many dangers including diseases and heath problems. Many miners were robbed of their gold and there were deaths from gas explotions as they worked under ground. They needed protection from winter when is was cold and there was snow.