Jamestown was established in 1607 for economic reasons. It was the first permanent English settlement in America. The settlement took place in a peninsula where it was easy to defend but it was swampy which had swamp bred disease-carrying mosquitos, and the drinking water was impure.
Captain John Smith was a former English soldier who became leader of the settlement and convinced the colony to plant crops and work together. After Smith got severely injured and was sent back to England in 1609, fire, droughts, Indian attacks, disease and starvation took a heavy toll. Many died during winter of 1609-1610, this period is now known as the "starving time"
Both the river and town were named in honor of King James. In 1619 the House of Burgesses was established but they needed a governor to govern the colony. The people of Virginia could now elect representatives to help make laws for the colony. This is an example of early representative government which is later transformed into the government of other English colonies in America.
When settlers first got to Jamestown the first thing they did was search for gold. Unfortunately they didn't find any gold. There was men and gentlemen who went looking for gold due to economic reasons. In 1612 John Rolfe started growing tobacco, colonists found out they were cash crops. Indentured servants came to work off their debts. In 1619 slaves were brought in from Africa due to the convertion of small farms growing into large plantations.
The settlement took place on a peninsula in Virginia 60 miles up the James River, where it was easy to defend but it was swampy which had swamp bred disease-carrying mosquitos, and the drinking water was impure. Around 1609 and 1610 they began having drought.