The French and the British took most of West Africa. The French took more land altogether, but that land was dry and less valuable than the land the British took.
Multiple wars were fought over the land. France had trouble with the Samori Empire while Britain had trouble with the Ashanti. In the end, the Europeans won control.
It's our land now!
You have no right to take our land!
Britain was more interested in Northeastern Africa than other countries because they wanted a faster trade route to India, making Egypt a major interest of theirs.
Egypt was under British control by 1882, so Britain then decided to take control of the Nile River. Germany gave up the source of the river for more land. More of the river was claimed through a war with the Sudanese. France gave up their land to avoid conflict.
Southern Africa was also an interest of Britain because of valuable materials found there, such as diamonds and gold. However, Britain ran into conflicts with the Afrikaners (descendants of Dutch settlers in South Africa) who lived there.
Well, I need gold!
I was here first!
In an attempt to break away from Britain's influence, Afrikaners went to war with them. This was called the South African War, as well as the Boer War. It started in 1899 and went on for 3 years, ending in a British victory. Britain formed the Union of South Africa shortly after.