The Geography and Early Development of Rome
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Location and Geography of Rome
The Myth of Romulus and Remus
The Influence of Etruscan Engineering
Rome is located on the Italian peninsula. It is very mountainous and is surrounded by water on 3 sides.
The Influence of Etruscan Sports
Twin boys, Romulus and Remus,with Mars, god of War, as their father and a princess as their mother were born long ago.Their uncle, fearing they would take his throne, ordered them drowned. But, a wolf saved them and raised them, and they took the throne; but in a fight over who would rule, Romulus killed Remus.
The Influence of Greek Architecture
The Etruscans, neighbors to Rome, influenced their engineering, creating the arch and cuniculus. The arches rested on two pillars and had a keystone in the center to hold the pillars up. The cuniculus was an underground trench connected to some of the land above used to distribute water or irrigate.
The Influence of Greek Writing, Art, & Religion
The Etruscans also influenced Roman sports. One sport the Romans adapted from the Etruscans was slave fighting, slaves of a dead master would fight until one was killed, then the winner was executed. They adapted this to gladiator fighting, where slaves trained to be fighters fought each other or animals, they also enjoyed watching chariot races.
The Romans used Greek designs in their architecture. They used concrete and Greek designs to create giant buildings such as the Pantheon and Colosseum (a structure to watch gladiator fighting and chariot racing).
The Roman alphabet was very similar to the Greek alphabet, for example they wrote in all capital letters. The Romans also were inspired by Greek poetry and myths, influencing Roman writers. The Romans made many paintings and sculptures the style of Greek paintings and sculptures, leading to the name: Greco-Roman art. The Romans worshipped many of the Greek gods but gave them Roman names.
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