Now that we learned about all the details and planning that go into a person's health, we need to understand one last part of the sequence that helps tie everything together: Nutrition.
Despite some preconceived notions you may have, nutrition is incredibly important to our health. How long you work out or how organized your lifestyle is, things will be rough without the proper nutrients to keep everything running smoothly.
Throughout our lives, our dietary habits and patterns affect us in many different ways, and as we shift from children to adults, we have to make smart decisions about our health - including what we eat.
Sometimes, when someone doesn't pay attention to their dietary habits, they can become obese. Obesity is a condition mainly associated with a drastic amount of fat being stored in the body. Of course, poor diet isn't the only thing that causes obesity. A lack of exercise and overeating can (and often do) contribute to the problem, as well as the issues that come with it, such as heavy breathing, type 2 diabetes, possible heart disease, and more.
Plenty of factors play into obesity, though it is generally noted that exercise often helps with the weight loss needed to get the journey going. However, it is good to remember that under eating is also a problem, and poor nutrition on either part is bad news for sure.
Now another thing to remember that eating the proper food isn't always easy. For a while now, marketing companies have been marketing junk food to the public, whether by saying that eating their product isn't that bad, or by glorifying the repercussions that follow with this unhealthy lifestyle. Things like peer pressure can motivate you to eat unhealthily, which in return, will impact your emotional, mental and physical health in the end.
That being said, types of foods are also incredibly important. For example, it is best to eat foods that are full of nutrients - such as whole grain, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. Since no food carries all the necessary nutrients needed, we need to balance out what we eat to get the right amount of everything.
Speaking of poor nutrition, something that must be kept in mind is not only what you eat, but how much you eat of it. The caloric balance is the balance of calories you eat and calories you burn by physical activity and keeping your body going. By eating too much or too little calories, you put your body in just as much danger as you would by eating only junk food.
After all, we're not looking to eat just the right amount of calories- but what comes with it. Eating food with 'empty' calories, of foods with little to no nutrients for your body will not suffice in place of nutrient dense food. Not to mention those foods with trans fats and saturated fats (like most processed food), which can aid with the development of blood sugar related diseases.
So how exactly can we keep track of which foods have the right amount of nutrients and calories for us? Well, other than the usual of checking with your doctor, you can look at food labels, which will tell you not only how much it gives you, but how much is recommended for you to eat.
Essentially, we want the right amount of carbohydrates, proteins and fats in our caloric intake, as well as a dozen or so nutrients. the recommended amount is that Proteins should take up to 10 - 35 % of our caloric intake, whereas carbohydrates range from 45 - 65 % and fats range from 20 - 35 %.
Other than that, eating healthily might be too expensive - especially if buying something that's ethically sourced or not laden with pesticides. Just remember that you can be healthy on a budget as well. You can buy healthy protein food like chicken and beef on sale, and buy canned or dried fruits and vegetables. It's not the healthiest option, but it's a step, and it's doing your body justice.
Finally, the last thing you need to consider is FAD diets, or rather, why you shouldn't consider doing them at all. FAD diets are diets that promise to make you healthy without exercise, most of them claiming to help you lose lots of fat in a short period of time, although you are usually losing water weight instead.
However, no matter how promising it sounds, the repercussions of these diets are not worth it. Restricting certain foods (as most FAD diets do) usually work only for a short amount of time, and harm your body in the long run. In addition to feeling fatigue and having a severe lack in vitamins and minerals, you can have constipation, nausea and headaches..
There are many of FAD diets, ranging from ones as extreme as swallowing a tape worm so that the parasite will eat your food before you can gain weight, to things slightly more mild as eating food similar to what cavemen ate during the Paleolithic Era.