In 1848, Louis Phillipes' bourgeois monarchy was characterized by stubborn inaction and complacency. It tailored primarily to the rich. There was a glaring lack of social legislation and only the rich voted for the deputies. This injustice angered middle class workers, artisans, and unskilled workers so they decided to take action and set up barricades to prevent the continuation of the monarchy.
"We don't need electoral reform, our government is just fine."
After the vote the country entered the Socialist Revolution
The creation of the Republic also resulted in opposing political views. There were the Moderate/ Liberal Republicans who opposed further radical social measures and the Radical Republicans who were committed to some kind of socialism,
"We must make a constitution for the second republic so that France has a popular democratic republic where the common people can reform society."
The Creation of the French Republic
Louis Blanc (Radical Republicans)
I Louis Blanc feel that everyone has the right to work. We NEED to establish workshops as an alternative to capitalist employment!
I strongly disagree. We need only to provide temporary relief!
As France struggled with a economic depression, the opposing political views were pinned against each other.
The Late April Vote
In late April the French people went to vote in their first election. The elected 500 Moderate Republicans, 300 Monarchists, and 100 Radicals who professed various brands of socialism. One of the elected was Alexis Toqueville, who predicted the overthrow of Louis Phillipe and believed socialism the main characteristic of the revolution.
After the election, a clash of ideologies of liberal capitalism and socialism created a clash of arms. The Socialist Revolution was a violent reaction among the French population that feared the governments plans.
The Socialist Revolution
The Invasion of the Constituent Assembly
The June Days: death of 10,000 people
The Revolution of 1848 ended in spectacular failure. The February Coalition of the middle and working classes became locked in mortal combat, the Constituent Assembly created a constitution featuring a strong executive, and Louis Napoleon became the ruler.