During the 15th century 2 families, York and Lancaster, fought for the throne to see who belonged king of England. Then the first battle of the Wars of the Roses happened because Henry the VI dismissed the Duke of York. He was replaced by Duke of Somerset.
In the bloody fighting that followed through the narrow streets of St Albans, the Yorkists suffered heavy casualties. The Lancastrian defences finally broke after a small force under the Earl of Warwick, having picked their way through the smaller back lanes and rear gardens, made a surprise appearance in the town’s market square.
Warwick’s longbowmen reigned arrows onto Henry’s bodyguard, killing Buckingham and several other influential Lancastrian nobles and wounding the king. The wounded Henry was later escorted back to London by York and Warwick.
We have won!
The last battle in the Wars of the Roses was the battle of Bosworth. Henry Tudor was the last hope of the Lancastrians. Luckily Richard III's army were uncertain and disloyal leaving the Lancastrians victorious of the Wars of the Roses.
Henry Tudor was crowned king and renamed Henry VII. He married Edward IV's daughter, Elizabeth. Although he was Lancastrian he wanted to end all fighting and bring peace between the two armies. So he made a new family emblem mixing the red and white rose together!