The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first of the Revolutionary War. The Americans were led by Captain John Parker and the British were led by General Gage. The battle took place on April 19th, 1775. "Stand your ground. Don't fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war let it begin here" (Parker, 1775). The Americans won the battle and the British retreated back to Boston.
The American leader was Colonel William Prescott; The British leader was General William Howe. The Battle of Bunker Hill took place on June 17, 1775. " I cannot answer for his men, but Prescott will fight you to the gates of hell" Abijah Willard, aid to Gage. The British won -- it showed the Americans could hold its own against the world's most powerful army.
The Battles of Saratoga consisted of two battles that took place on September 19 and October 7 of 1777. "We have but very indifferent men in general. Great part of those who ship for seamen know very little of the matter" (Benedict Arnold to Gage). Benedict Arnold tuned over an American fort to the British. The Americans ended up winning. General Horatio Gates led the Americans and General Burgoyne led the British.
Battle of Yorktown
George Washington and his army camped at Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-78. The soldiers grew weak from not having enough food or warm clothing; a quarter died from malnutrition. "Except you have some dependence from abroad, the few horses that remain must perish in a few days (Tilghman, 1778).
The Battle of Camden took place in August 1780. Americans were led by General Horatio Gates; the British were led by Lord Cornwallis. “But was there ever an instance of a General running away as Gates has done from his whole army? And was there ever so precipitous a flight? One hundred and eighty miles in three days and a half. It does admirable credit to the activity of a man at his time of life.” (Alexander Hamilton). The British won against the southern Army.
The Battle of Yorktown was the final battle of the Revolutionary War. The Americans were led by George Washington and the British were led by Lord Cornwallis. It took place in 1781. "If we do not deceive our own men, we will never deceive the enemy" (George Washington). Cornwallis surrendered; American's won. Britain's new leaders began to negotiate a peace treaty.