Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary leader who is called the father of Mexican independence.
In 1808 Spain was invaded by French troops, and Napoleon I forced the abdication of King Ferdinand VII in favour of the French emperor’s brother Joseph Bonaparte.
Joined by thousands of Indians and mestizos, Hidalgo marched forth from Dolores and captured the city of Guanajuato and other major cities west of Mexico City
With his followers he captured the city of Guanajuato and other major cities west of Mexico City. Soon Hidalgo was at the gates of the capital, but he hesitated, and the opportunity was lost. His followers melted away.
Hidalgo fled north, hoping to escape into the United States. He was caught, expelled from the priesthood, and executed by firing squad as a rebel.