The Emancipation Proclamation was written by Abraham Lincoln. It was a military order that freed slaves only in areas controlled by Confederacy.
The 54th Massachusetts Infantry consisted mostly of free African Americans. In July 1863 this regiment led a heroic charge on South Carolina's Fort Wagner.
One women brought strength and comfort to countless wounded union solders. Volunteer Clara Barton organized the collection of medicine and supplies for deliver to the battlefield.
William Tecumseh Sherman
In late afternoon, nearly 15,000 men took part in Pickett's Charge. For one mile, the Confederates marched slowly up toward Cemetery Ridge.
President Lincoln gave a speech called the Gettysburg Address, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War.
Lincoln needed a victory for the Union army to help him win re-election in 1864. The bold campaign of General William Tecumseh Sherman provided this key victory. Sherman carried out the Union plan to destroy southern railroads and industries.