This was the start of a brutal war for Vietnam's fight for independence against France. America was originally neutral in the war, but was pulled to the French side. The French had controlled Vietnam (Or what they called, 'French Indochina') for six decades, and only lost it following the invasion from Nazi Germany in 1940, WWII, forcing it to withdraw troops from Vietnam (alongside Cambodia and Laos.) The second war started shortly after the first, as Vietnam was divided into 2 parts...
North (Communist) and South (Non Communist.) Russia, China and North Korea joined the war on the North, as America and the Allies joined in the South to stop the spread of Communism.
America and the Allies lost the war in Vietnam, after it was unified under communist rule in 1975. Following the end of the war, many people from South Vietnam wanted to leave the country (In fact more than a million.) They were accepted into Host countries (mostly the United States of America.)
Ho Chi Minh was the leader of North Vietnam and later, the leader of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
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Before being a politician, he had many jobs like;A cook, seaman, gardener, sweeper, waiter, photo retoucher and oven stoker