Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Connecticut to a wealthy family. Being from Connecticut, the slave trade capital of the North, she was exposed to true nature and horrors that were slavery. This sparked her abolitionist views and inspired her to try and make a change. Back in the 1850's, women had fewer rights than men, so there wasn't much she could do, but she COULD write a book. Harriet Beecher Stowe then went on to write her famous book Uncle Tom's Cabin. The book was written to help expose the truth of slavery, not to be racist in any aspect.
Once she published her book, it quickly became very popular, but also extremely controversial.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
The northerners loved the book because it showed them the reality of slavery. The book was like a final wake up call for them. It strengthened their abolitionist views, brought the truth of slavery into the limelight and made them finally see slaves as actual people instead of property.
The southerners were very much against the book. They believed it attacked their way of life and means of income. They also felt it was inaccurate and that it made slavery out to be worse than it was, even though it was as bad as the book described it.
After Uncle Tom's Cabin, slavery was a hot topic in the United States. Eventually, the United States actually became divided.
10 years after Harriet Beecher Stowe's book, the American Civil War broke out. It was a war of abolitionists against slave owners, the north vs. the south. Uncle Tom's Cabin greatly influenced both sides to get to this point, by showing the north the truth and making the south upset.