Rome is located in Italy, and islands in southern Europe. The Italian peninsula is shaped a lot like a boot and reaches into the Mediterranean Sea with its toe pointed toward the island of Sicily.
influence of Etruscan sports
The Romans have a myth about the founding of their city. Long ago, the story explains, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The boys' father was Mars, the Roman god of war. The princess's uncle—the king—was afraid the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he ordered his men to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the twins drowned, a wolf rescued them.
influence of Greek architecture
The Romans became excellent builders because they learnedmany techniques about engineering, or the science of building,from the Etruscans. Two important Etruscan structures theRomans adapted were the arch and the cuniculus.
influence of art religion and writing
Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races.The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. If achariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot'swheels or trampled by the horses. These fierce competitions oftenresulted in injury or death.
The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty. Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans.
The Greek influence on Roman painting and sculpture wasso great that historians speak of “Greco-Roman art.” WealthyRomans often collected Greek art and built monuments in aGreek style. Roman sculptors and painters used Greek art asmodels for their own work.