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  • Phase 1: 1500-1603 Fish
  • Phase 2: 1603-1670 French Control
  • Not many of me left. Just pretend that I am a beaver.
  • Ouendat Middleman
  • Phase 2 part 2: 1603-1670 French Control
  • Official Trading
  • No Trading
  • This phase was mainly the Europeans fishing for cod off the east coast. The FN's trading with these Europeans, although they hadn't established permanent settlements. The British would set up cod drying stations, or flakes. The other Europeans such as the French went to the shore mainly to restore their water supplies. In this both the Mi'kmaq    and the Europeans benefit. 
  • Phase 3: 1670-1760 Economic Competition
  • North West Comp.
  • HBC is cool
  • HBC
  • France basically dominated the fur trade in this phase. Now this somewhat resulted in starting the French -Haudenosounee war. At this point, the Ouendat became the middleman between the French and the First Nations that were established in the Great Lakes region. Intense trapping reduced population of beaver and game animals.
  • Phase 4: 1760-1821 British Control
  • Later on in this phase, they lost the Ouendat as middlemen which disrupted the fur trade in New France. This opened up opportunities for independent workers such as the coureurs de bois to trade with the FN directly. At first, the French allowed this, but soon made it illegal for it made an official trade based on trading posts. 
  • Phase 5: 1821-1870 Decline
  • In 1670, Britain established Hudson's Bay Company (HBC,) which now competed directly with France in the fur trade. The Cree and the Nakoda now worked as middlemen for both the French and the British trading networks. Voyageurs became an important part of the fur trade as they, working for the French, made canoe trips between the settlements along the St.Lawrence River and the forts beyond that point.
  • We're the best
  • NWC is way better than HBC
  • HBC sucks
  • NWC is the best
  • HBC wins
  • HBC
  • In this phase, New France became a British colony. Also, there was an economic shift, as the main focus was no longer just furs, but also land for agriculture. Also, the North West Company was formed, which created competition between the NWC and the HBC.  This competition drove the fur trade west as both companies looked for new supplies for furs and new FN contacts.
  • In this phase, HBC and NWC merge into one. Trade also went down because there was a decrease in buffalo and beaver furs, so, in result, the Europeans demand for furs went down. As the fur trade died out, some trading forts became permanent settlements.
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