The First Battle of Bull Run

The First Battle of Bull Run

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  • The Battle of Fort Sumter
  • April 12 - April 13, 1861 Total casualties: 0 Union: 0 Confederates: 0  
  • who
  • Union: Major Robert Anderson
  • Confederates: Brigadier General P.G.T Beauregard
  • why
  • Fort Sumter was the start of the long battle of the Civil War. The fort held no strategic value to the North. The fort was unfinished and its guns faced the sea rather than the confederates shore batteries. The fort held the role as a significant symbol to the Union.
  • What
  • The confederate general was General P.G.T Beauregard. Beauregard graduated from West Point. He eventually became one of the eight full generals of the Confederacy.  The Union general was Major Robert Anderson.  Robert Anderson graduated from West Point and commanded the 1st artillery regiment when he was in command of Fort Sumter.
  • Where
  • President Abraham Lincoln informed the Confederates that he was sending in a supply ship for food. The confederates however thought they should use this as an advantage to force the Union to give them the fort.  The confederates fired at the supply ship and sent it away. The confederates then at 4:30 a.m. fired at the fort.
  • Results
  • General P.G.T Beauregard fired on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. The battle lasted for 34 hours and there was non stop artillery exchange. On April 13, Anderson and his 86 soldiers surrendered. The Confederates won the battle and gained control over the fort.
  • Fort Sumter is located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort was unfinished but was used in many wars.  The fort was originally constructed  in  1829 as a coastal garrison. It is most famous for being the site of the first shots of the civil war.
  • Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
  • The Battle of Fort Sumter is considered a Confederate victory. Even though nobody lost their lives the fort was shot at and was not safe to stay in. The Union surrendered to the confederates and lost control of the fort.  The confederates had control of the fort for nearly 4 years but was taken back over by the Union by the end of the war.
  • Union Surrender
  • Confederate win
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