Labor unions began with unhappy workers. They were receiving low wages, having to work long hours in factories and in dangerous and unsanitary conditions. They could not stand up for themselves because they would have been fired and replaced. Therefore, Labor Unions allowed workers to band together for their rights.
This is the factory I work in. Everyday its 8 am to 5 pm, 6 days a week.
Then, in 1833, British Parliament released the Sadler Report, which described these poor working conditions and called for reform
So workers formed Labor Unions to demand their rights with their employers. At first, Labor Unions were not accepted in Great Britain but around the 20th century, they became more popular.
I only have to work a few more hours, then I can leave the office to go home
These labor unions made worker's lives better and gave them rights. They put in place minimum wage laws, limited the number of hours worked , overtime pay, and made the 5 day work week
Labor Unions allowed the Middle Class to advocate for voting rights. In 1918, the right to vote/franchise was given to all men, and in 1928 women were granted the right to vote.
Open For All
Labor Unions also helped get rid of child labor and mandated education for children (5-10) instead of working.
Labor Unions and the reform movement spread to other industrialized nations as well, like the US and Japan. As nations industrialized, they also saw the need to keep their workers safe and happy.