The English bill of rights was a document that basically limited the Kings power. Its relevant to the constitution because it started the idea that not all the power goes to the King
The American Revolution was the war where the 13 colonies earned their independence from Britain. This contributed to the Constitution because they already had an idea of a democracy.
The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution that created a weak central government. It lead to the new Constitution because they wanted to have the new one to cover all the problem in the Articles of Confederation
The Declaration of Independence is a document that stated the reasons why the colonies were separating from Britain. The new constitution was based off of all the things they wanted to avoid in the new country.
The Constitutional Convention is when delegates from the colonies met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to make a new Constitution. It contributed to the new constitution because during the convention they created a basic outline of how the government should work.
Virginia Plan: representation by population for both houses
Connecticut Compromise has equal representation in the upper house and the lower house will have representation based on population
New Jersey Plan: One house based on Population and the other one be equal representation.