As the family gathers, the woman of the house lights the festival candle and prays a blessing as she does so. The man of the house lifts the wine cup and thanks God for the Passover.
Parsley, lettuce or watercrees (green vegetables which symbolize the care that God gave his people in the desert of Sinai 0are dipped in salt water or vinegar. Before these are eaten everyone prays. Praised art thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe. Creator of the fruit of the Earth. (The salt water or vinegar symbolise the tears shed by the Israelites as they laboured in slavery).
Three Matzot are on the table. The leader breaks the middle one, leaving one half on the Seder plate, hiding the other half to be eaten at the end of th meal. He lifts the Matzot and says: This is the bread of affliction, which our fathers ate in the land of Egypt. Let all who are hungry come and eat. Let all who are in want come and celebrate the Passover with us. May it be God's will to redeem us from all trouble and from all servitude. Next year at this season may the wholehouse of Israel be free.
The upper Matzot is broken and distributed. All pray together. Everyone eats the Matzot.
Each person receives some bitter herbs such as horseradish and haroset. The herbs are a symbol of the bitterness and sadness of the Israelites during the time of slavery. The bitter herbs and haroset are placed between two pieces of Matzot, and eaten by all present