Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902. He was born in Joplin, Missouri. His parents, Carrie Langston and James Hughes separated soon after his birth. His father moved to Mexico and his mother moved around in his early childhood. He was raised mainly by his grandmother, Mary.
In Langston's teen years his grandmother, Mary passed away. He went to go live with his mother which moved to different cities before setteling in Cleveland, Ohio. At this time he also began to write poetry to contribute to his school's literary magazine.
In Hughes first University (Columbia University) he studied briefly, at this time he also became apart of Harlem's burgeoning cultural movement. This was in 1921. He dropped out in 1922. He also went to Lincoln University which he received a scholarship for. His first book of poetry (The Weary Blues) was published at this time.
Death and Legacy
In the United States he worked different jobs such as, a busboy in a hotel resturaunt. He also worked as a seaman traveling to Africa and Europe.
He met an American poet named Vachel Lindsay, who launched his career as a poet. His first novel was named, Not Without Laughter. This novel was successful enough that he believed that he could make a living off of being a writer. In 1934 he published his first collection of short stories named, The Ways of White Folks.
Langston Hughes died on May 22, 1967 from complications of prostate cancer. Hughes home received New York City Landmark status in 1981. It was also added to the National Register of Places in 1982.