A lady reported to the police that she had been abducted and raped. Investigations led to Ernesto Miranda. Even though the lady did not recognize Miranda, he was interrogated. Miranda was punished after apparently letting out a confession, which he letter recanted, because he was not aware of his right to remain silent.
The American Civil Liberties argued that his confession was coerced, and that Ernesto Miranda did not know his rights.
The Supreme Court overturned the conviction, and made it so everyone must have their rights read aloud to them before interrogation.
The 5th Amendment gives people the right to not answer to a question that might criminalize them. The 14th Amendment says that no person should be denied rights, without due-process of law.
Because of this trial, everyone must be informed their rights when in custody and before interrogation
You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you in court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, one will be appointed to you