Ancient China

Ancient China

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  • Stable Food Supply
  • The ancient Chinese diet was very healthy. The most popular food to come out of ancient China was rice. Rice dumplings were served during the first full moon of the year. Noodles were invented in the Han Dynasty. Tea was once China’s biggest export ever. Meat was very expensive in ancient China because Buddhists didn’t eat it. Insted, the Chinese people created Tofu. Tofu is a bean curd with soy milk and water.
  • Hi I'm Spencer and today we are going to be traveling through Ancient China!
  • Mythology
  • The dragon is the symbol of power in China. Dragons protected China, not destroyed. Nian was a monster with the body of a bull and head of a lion and would come and attack Chinese villages at night. To scare away Nian, Chinese people began to set off fireworks and bang loud drums.
  • Three Demigods named Fu Xi, Nu Wa, and Shennong, ruled over China in the days before the Chinese Dynasties. Fu Xi lived for 197 years and invented fishing, trapping, cooking, domesticating animals, and writing. Nu Wa was the builder of the wall of heaven. Shennong invented thenchcjvjvj axe, plow, irrigation system and the calendar to help farmers to know when to harvest. The three sovereigns decided to give humans more responsibilities on Earth so they selected five men to rule parts of the Chinese Empire.
  • Philosophies
  • Confucianism was created by a god named Confucius who lived from 551 - 479 B.C.E. One teaching of Confucianism was that everyone, especially readers, must exhibit “good behavior”. Another teaching of Confucianism is to respect his/her elders. Confucianism coined “The Golden Rule”. Do not do to others what you would not want done to you. There were also five relationships of Confucianism, Ruler and Subject, Husband and Wife, Father/Mother and Son/Daughter, Older Sibling and Younger Sibling, Friend and Friend.
  • The founder of Legalism is Laozi. One teaching of Legalism is people are selfish and will always pursue their own self interests. Therefore, leaders must establish rules that reward for good behavior, and punish for bad. Rulers can't trust anyone. “If you trust someone, they may control you”.
  • Laozi was the founder of Daoisim. One teaching of Daoisim is happiness is achieved by living in harmony with nature. Another teaching of Daoisim is accept things as they come.
  • Dynasties
  • The Shang Dynasty played a very important role in Chinese History. The first ruler of the Shang Dynasty was Shang Tang. The Shang Dynasty made everything by hand. The Shang Dynasty was far advanced in math, astronomy, artwork, and military technology.  During the Shang Dynasty, men represented their whole family.
  • Great Wall
  • By 1368, the Ming Dynasty had regained control and fixed the wall, but wars with the Mongols continued. By the sixteenth century, soldiers would march across the top of the wall and there were guard towers at every peak, dip, and turn. If a guard saw something or someone, they could send signals to other towers and then that guard could send a signal to the next tower and so on. In 1644, the “barbarian” Manchus broke through and conquered China. China’s land was merged with the Manchu’s land so there was no longer a need for a defensive wall.
  • The wall was keeping the Mongols out of China and keeping all nomadic tribes out. In the thirteenth century, the Mongols conquered China by going around the outsides of the wall and invading from the south and east.
  • The emperor Qin Shi Huangdi began building the Great Wall of China more than 2,200 years ago. The Ming emperors expanded the wall about 500 years ago. The Great Wall was not one big wall, it had many branches and extensions throughout one long wall. During the Qin Dynasty, Shi Huangdi ordered most of the walls to be torn down, but only left the section on China’s northern border.
  • Silk Road
  • Besides gold, the Romans had something else the Chinese wanted: glassware. Silk became very popular after other countries started learning about it and trading it so other countries could learn about it. Besides silk the Chinese also traded fine dishware, which today is known as China.  The main things the Chinese wanted were horses, fur, and gold from places in Central Asia, such as the Kushan Empire.
  • The Silk Road stretched for more than four thousand miles across Asia from Luoyang China to Antioch in Syria. The Silk Road linked the people of East and the West for a very long time. The Silk Road was very dangerous but the exchanges were a great benefit. At first only the Chinese knew how to make silk, so under Han rule, revealing the silk making process was a crime punishable by Death.
  • After a while other countries started to learn about silk and wanted to trade for it, like Rome. Chinese silk was a luxury item because it was rare and expensive.
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