The Fourteen Points! -program designed to lay the foundation of a lasting world peace. (January,1918)
In his speech president Wilson emphasized two principles in particular. The first was national self-determination, the right of a people to choose their own government. Wilson specifically hoped to apply the principle in the territories of the Habsburg and Ottoman Empire. He did not, however, believe the principle applied universally. Wilson introduced the second, and most important, principle in the last of his Fourteen Points. This was collective security - a system in which nations pledge to cooperate in their mutual defense. Wilson hoped to replace the pre-war system of opposing alliances with a collective security arrangement including all the world's states.