Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

Geography and Development of Ancient Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • Rome is located in the Italian peninsula. Rome was around from 700 BCE to 476 BCE. The Italian peninsula is described as being shaped like a boot.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • The myth of Romulus and Remus says that there was a princess who gave birth to twin sons. Someone had been ordered to drown the two twins but they survived. A wolf found the two twins and raised them. Later in their lives they started their own city but fought over what it should be called, they then began to fight each other. Remus was killed in the fight so his brother, Romulus, named the city Rome.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • Romans became very skilled in building and construction, they learned many of the building techniques from the Etruscans. The two most popular structures that the Romans copied off of the Etruscans was the arches and the cuniculus. In time, the Romans became even more skilled at building these structures than the Etruscans.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • The Romans also copied two sporting events from the Etruscans. One sporting event was slave fighting, the other was chariot racing. Slave fighting was held when a slave owner died, they would get the two strongest slaves to kill each other, who ever was still standing was executed. Chariot races were when people would race horses.
  • For architecture, the Romans copied architectural designs from both Greek and Etruscans. Just like the Greeks, Romans also built marble temples for their gods. They also got the idea of columns from Greek as well. Eventually Romans learned how to use concrete and were able to build much bigger structures such as the Parthenon.
  • The Romans took the alphabet that the Etruscans used but changed it just a little bit. For art, the Romans made Greek style pottery, paintings, and sculptures. The art was so similar to the Greeks that historians often have a difficult time figuring out whether some art was made by the Greeks or Romans. The Romans mixed gods and goddesses from the Greek and Etruscan religions and changed some of the names.
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