The Trojan War

The Trojan War

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  • Causes of the War
  • The Ionian Greek asked for help from Greeks in mainland. Unfortunately, Athens was one of the few city-states to send help.  The Persian navy fought mostly against the Athenians & was defeated.  
  • So that's when King Darius I of Persia got angry & declared War on Athens & it's allies in 492 B.C.E isn't it?
  • Battle of Marathon
  • I bet Darius I was embarrassed since he had to return to Persia defeated by the Athens yet again!
  • did you also know that the remaining Persian force attempted to leave Marathon & make their way toward Athens in hope the city would surrender w/out its hoplites to protect it ?The popular story tells us that.  luckily the Athenians had an incredible runner name Pheidippides. In fact, he sprinted just 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to warn them of the approaching Persian force !
  • Battle of Thermoplae
  • After that im pretty sure the Spartans willingly sacrificed themselves for the good of Greece.
  • If you didnt know, the first major battle of this portion of the war was Battle of Thermoplyae. Athens & Sparta united to defend themselves against the Persians. Leonidas, the Spartan king, led a small army of just 300 Spartans warriors to defend the pass at Thermoplae. After a valiant struggle, the Persians slaughtered Leonidas & everyone of his men. 
  • Battle of Salamis
  • Themistocles tricked Xerxes into believing the Athenian navy was retreating & the massive Persian navy pursued them into a small strip of sea off the island of Salamis. The Persian ships were much larger than the Greeks & were not built for confined spaces . The huge Persian navy found it could not maneuver & was trapped. Xerxes, sitting upon a golden throne placed on a cliff high above the shore overlooking the battle.
  • yes indeed. 
  • Battle of Plataeu
  • *claps* finally. the battle was finally over!!! *still clapping*
  • unfortunately, Xerxes retreated w/ his remaining army . The Athenians & their allies defeated Xerxes' army for the last time at the battle of Plataeu in 479 B.C.E. But then Xerxes returned to Persia , defeated , & the Persian Empire never again invaded Greece.
  • Effects of the War
  • yayy :) 
  • well... not yet, Athens created the Delian League : an alliance w/ other city states to protect themselves if Persia ever again invaded. Athens also rebuilt their city-state more splendorous than ever, & experienced its Golden Age of economic & cultural magnificence. Now, its over.
  • danggg...After that , the Persian Empire never again invaded Greece.
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