Here in the desert, we live in the Assyrian Empire.
Sargon ruled his empire for more than 50 years. He was both a strong and skilled general who built his empire through effective military strategies. Sargon used his military tactics to add territory to his empire. After defeating the king of the city-state of uruk, Sargon had gained control of all of Mesopotamia including Sumar.
Babylon thrived under Hammurabi. He was careful to properly maintain irrigation systems so the land remained fertile and provided enough food. Hammurabi ruled Babylon (BAH-buh-luhn), a small city-state in central Mesopotamia. After conquering the rest of Mesopotamia, he named Babylon the capital of his empire, so the region became known as the Babylonian Empire, or Babylonia.
I am King Hammurabi. I created the "Hammurabi's Code".
The line of royalty Hammurabi initiated did not continue to rule Babylonia for long. Over the next several hundred years, a number of groups governed sections of what had previously been the Babylonian Empire.Powerful kings ruled the Assyrian Empire. Religion, however, remained extremely crucial to social and political order. Even kings were obliged to obey the gods.
After the fall of Nineveh, the Babylonians once again took control of Mesopotamia, establishing a new empire called the Neo-Babylonian Empire.The new empire's most famous king was Nebuchadnezzar II.Nebuchadnezzar expanded his empire whenever possible. He drove the Egyptians out of Syria and also conquered part of Canaan (present-day Israel), the home of the Israelites, or Jews.
Hammurabi was born circa 1810, BCE, in Babylon, now modern day Iraq. He transformed an unstable collection of city-states in to a strong empire that spanned ancient Mesopotamia. Hammurabi’s lasting contribution on western society was his set of laws written on twelve stones and displayed publicly for all to see, the most common being, "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth." The laws are generally known as the Code of Hammurabi.
The Code of Hammurabi was one of the earliest and most complete written legal codes, proclaimed by the Babylonian king Hammurabi, who reigned from 1792 to 1750 B.C. Hammurabi expanded the city-state of Babylon along the Euphrates River to unite all of southern Mesopotamia. The Hammurabi code of laws, a collection of 282 rules, established standards for commercial interactions and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice.