Ow, I need to get an antivenin for this snake bite
Doctor Zahos, I got a snake bite and it hurts. I think I need a vaccine.
No, not a vaccine. An antigen has entered your body meaning you will need an antibody, or some sort of leukocyte to neutralize the effects of the venom. Your body cannot react with a cell mediated response because you need an antibody.
Your body responds to foreign substances in two different ways: Nonspecific and specific immunity.
What does that mean?
The main difference between the two is that nonspecific response is same for all pathogens while specific is different for all pathogens
I get it now. However, I heard rumors that I can only get the antivenin procedure once
Let me explain the process. The antivenin is made up of antibodies and goat serum. The goat makes the antibodies through a process called humoral response which uses helper T cells to make b-cells into plasma cells and memory b-cells, which remember the pathogen for making antibodies faster in the future.
Antibodies basically neutralize foreign substances like bacteria and viruses. In your case, the snake bite triggers inflammatory reactions in your body which can be countered with an antibody. Cytotoxic T cells can also help as they act as a defense mechanism for fighting viruses and bacteria.However, you cannot get the antivenin/antibody twice because the body will treat the antivenin like an allergy and also it can cause inflammation.
Uh, Doc... can you explain to me what antibody is?