In 1770, the colonists were still raging about the British soldiers, who were living in their towns and cities. The colonists thought that the British soldiers were rowdy and rude.
The relationship between the soldiers and the colonists became worse. Especially tense in the city of Boston. The colonists would make fun of the soldiers. The colonists would call the soldiers lobsterbacks for the color of their coats.
On a dark cold night, one soldier was standing guard in front of the Customs House. Sometime before nine o'clock, a crowd began to surround the one soldier. Later Thomas Preston and seven other soldiers helped stand in front of the crowd.
The End Of The Massacre
The crowd insulted the seven soldiers, and threw snowballs and chunks of ice. Afterward, Captain Preston told his soldiers not to fire the guns. But, one soldier had said that he heard the command, " Fire!"
The one soldier had shot in to the crowd. When the crowd had moved closer to the soldier he panicked and fired again. Within moments 5 colonists lay dead or dying in the cold snow in the night. Six more were wounded.
The colonists called this tragic incident the "Boston Massacre". The silversmith named Paul Revere pictured the incident in an engraving. The engraving showed soldiers firing at a peaceful crowd.