In 1980, a man named Lech Walesa created an organization called Solidarity. The goal of Solidarity was to change Poland; it gained support of workers and the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Catholic Church, at the time, held the first Polish pope named Pope John Paul II.
In 1988 after more protesters came, the Polish regime agreed to free parliamentary elections. Also, Walesa became president. During his presidency, severe unemployment happened because of rapid free market reforms.
In the late months of 1995, a man named Aleksander Kwasniewski defeated Walesa. This man was a Communist and became president. His goal was to have a free market economy.