I want to buy 12 peppermints and 1 peppermint is 25 cents
How much is it to buy 12 peppermints? See that's a rate! When you want to buy 1 peppermint for example that would be a unit rate.
For every twisler, there are two mints in this candy shop. That is a rate it can be written as 3:2 or 3/2
For every 3 people that come into the Candy Store they buy 10 pieces of candy, so what if 14 people came in? That is an example of a proportionbecause if you want to solve it you would put it into fractions and do your method.