The spoils system is still (unofficially) practiced in some federal, state, and local government offices. Andrew Jackson's friend, senator William Marcy (1786–1857) of New York, coined the phrase "spoils system" in 1832, when he stated, "to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy."
The Spoils System was not really an economic system, but it affected the economy to a certain degree. Because the rich had access government at a personal level, they had access to influencing the economy to reflect their wants and needs.
Andrew Jackson introduced the spoils system after winning the 1828 presidential election. In the spoils system, the president appoints civil servants to government jobs specifically because they are loyal to him and to his political party. Education, experience, and merit take a back seat.