In 218 B.C, an army from Carthage crossed the Alps. This was the start of the Punic Wars. Eventually, Rome defeated Carthage in 146 B.C
After the Punic Wars ended, a civil war broke out. Julius Caesar, one of the most famed Generals of all time, fought in it.
I trusted you, Man!
In 58 B.C, Caesar's armies conquered Gaul, in present day France. He became widely popular and later became a dictator. When he became leader, he remade the Roman calendar, gave land to the poor, and granted citizenship to foreigners.
After that war, Caesar ignored a warning from his enemies that said, " Beware the Ides of March." Or Beware of March 15. The people who sent the warning later stabbed him to death on that date same date.
After his death, Another civil war occured. It ended when Caesar's Grandson, Octavian, And two other generals from the Roman Military defeated Caesars killers. But peace did not last long. Antony, one of the generals that fought in the civil war, and Octavian, got into another war.
After Octavian won the war against Antony, He was named emperor. Octavian was now one of the most powerful people in Rome. He was named "Augustus" or "Honored One." for his valor in battle. He reorganized the government and made the army and navy permanent. Our month of August is named in his honor.