After Columbus, other voyagers explored the Americas. In 1499 Italian Amerigo Vespucci led a voyage funded by Spain. Vespucci realized South America was a separate continent, and not part of Asia. European geographers began to call the continent "America" in his honor.
I claim this land for SPAIN.
Cabral planned to follow da Gama's westward-then southward course. Instead, he went so far west that he reached Brazil. Cabral claimed Brazil for his king and sent one of the ships back to Portugal with the good news that Portugal now had a foothold in the Americas.
In 1520 Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer who was sailing for Spain, reached the southernmost tip of South America. He sailed through the stormy waters of a narrow sea passage, or strait. The strait led him into a calm ocean—the same one Balboa had seen.
Vasco da Gama
Columbus fought and won the battle for this land
In 1487 Bartolomeu Dias set out from Lisbon with two small caravels and a supply ship. King John had sent Dias to explore the southernmost part of Africa. From there, Dias was to sail northeast into the Indian Ocean. This expedition included some of Portugal's best pilots.
Portugal's voyages to India began years later. In July 1497, after much preparation, Vasco da Gama set sail from Portugal with four ships, headed for Africa. Da Gama's ships did not hug the African coast, as Dias's ships had. Instead, they sailed in a wide arc south and west of Africa.