Jacques Cartier was born on December 31, 1491 in Saint-Malo, a port town of Brittany, France.
Saint-Malo was a fishing town in northern France. So young Jacques probably learned navigational skills and seafaring early in life.
A voyage began on April 20, 1534 when Cartier departed from Saint-Malo with 2 ships and 61 men.
In June of 1534 he made his first major discovery when he came upon an area we know today as Prince Edward Island.
The final spot Cartier landed before returning to France was on the modern-day the Gaspé Peninsula. Here, they met the friendly Mimac natives who lived in the area and traded furs and other items.
Cartier discovered land for France, and several places in Canada honor him, including the Jacques Cartier Bridge that crosses the St. Lawrence River from Montreal to Quebec. And a statue of the explorer stands at the explorer’s birthplace of Saint-Malo,France.