IONIC AND COVALENT BONDING 2
Updated: 11/26/2020
IONIC AND COVALENT BONDING 2

Storyboard Text

  • Hey Carbon, I'm Sodium! Did you know that since I'm a metal and you're not, we can bond ionically! This means that we transfer our valence electrons to each other! I have 1 and you have 4!
  • IONIC AND COVALENT BONDING
  • IONIC AND COVALENT BONDING
  • The two main types of chemical bonds are ionic and covalent bonds.The key difference between an ionic and covalent bond is that one atom essentially donates an electron to another atom in an ionic bond while electrons are shared between atoms in a covalent bond.Ionic bonds form between a metal and a nonmetal. Covalent bonds form between two nonmetals. Metallic bonds form between two metals.
  • LET'S BOND!
  • Hmm, well it talks about something called bond polarity. There are three types of bond polarity: nonpolar covalent bonding, polar covalent bonding, and ionic bonding. Nonpolar covalent bonding happens when atoms in a bond pull equally, meaning the bonding electrons are shared equally, while polar covalent bonding happens when the electrons between atoms are shared unequally. With this said, ionic polar bonding occurs when the difference between electronegativities is large enough that one atom actually takes an electron from the other.
  • Na
  • What else does it say in there?
  • C
  • Of course. It says here that electronegativity is the ability of an atom of an element to attract electrons when the atom is in a compound, so basically the strength an atom has to attract a bonding pair of electrons to itself. The difference in the measure of electronegativity vales can determine whether a bond is nonpolar, polar covalent, or ionic.
  • Na
  • Now that we got this textbook stuff out of the way, let's go out and bond!
  • Interesting. You know, I heard Ms. Sendil talking about electronegativity in class today, can we read about that?
  • C
  • O
  • C
  • O
  • linear (CO2)
  • Cl
  • trigonal planar (AlCl3)
  • Al
  • Cl
  • Cl
  • O
  • bent (NaOH)
  • Na
  • H
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