The colonists wanted to govern themselves. Each colony had their own legislature like The House of Burgesses in the Jamestown Colony. White males could vote and there was freedom of the press.
Different Social Classes
The English Parliament passed Navigation Acts to support mercantilism. The colonial traders sold their goods in England and the ship-building industry in New England boomed. However the colonists weren't free to sell to other foreign markets.
Men were the head of the household and were usually carpenters, joiners, coopers, etc. Women did household chores and had no role in public. Children played but at age seven they started to work.
Upper class (gentry) were the wealthy planters, merchants, ministers and royal officials. Middle class were independent farmers, and artisans. Lower class were farmhands and indentured servants and the enslaved Africans were the lowest class.
Slavery of Africans began for cheap labor like in the plantations. Most English colonists believed they were superior over the Africans.
Elementary schools taught reading, writing, religion and arithmetic. Students learned their lessons from a hornbook. Colonial education was limited to white children. Some schools admitted girls. Poor families often did not receive education at all.