Abd al Ra Rahmen was a prince that the warriors forgot to kill and he ran away to Spain. In Cordoba, Christians, Jews, and Muslims lived together under a government that practiced religious tolerance.
Spain had a lot of non wealthy people and had a lot of people that didn't work and there were very little people who were wealthy and able to pay for a lot.
Science & philosphy
The Sufavids had a lot of people who wanted to attack them but they were a place that would when there fights most of the time also most of there people were wealthy.
Art , Architecture
The Mughal Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread Muslim (and particularly Persian) arts and culture as well as the faith. The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority
Philosophy of science is a sub-field of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of science. The central questions of this study concern what qualifies as science, the reliability of scientific theories, and the ultimate purpose of science.
Architecture include within this scope the design of any built environment, structure or object, from town planning, urban design, and landscape would and science of designing buildings and structures. A wider definition art is defined as the Architecture