Hawaii was led by a hereditary monarch, the inhabitants of the kingdom prevailed as a independent state. American expansionist looked with greed on the strategically located islands and waited patiently to plan their move. Hawaii began in america in early 1820s, when New England missionaries tried in earnest to spread their faith.
keeping European powers out of Hawaii became a principle foreign policy goal. Americans acquired a true foothold in Hawaii as a result of the sugar trade.
1890, was a turning point in U.S.- Hawaiian relations occurred, when congress approved the McKinley Tariff, which raised import rates on foreign sugar. Hawaiian sugar planters were now being undersold in the american market, and as a result, a depression swept the islands.
the planters staged an uprising to overthrow the Queen. At the same time, they appealed to the United States armed forces for protection.
war broke out with Spain, the military significance of Hawaiian naval bases as a way station to the Spanish Philippines outweighed all other considerations.
Hawaii remained a territory until granted statehood as the fiftieth state