In April 1775, General Gage and his 700 British troops found Captain John Parker and his 70 militia men waiting for them. No one knew who fired the first shot, but within minutes eight members of the militia were already dead. Ralph Waldo Emerson recalled it as the, "shot heard 'round the world." Shortly, 4,000 Minutemen and more militia men arrived at the scene. The British then retreated. After this battle, the Americans had realized that the war had started.
Saratoga, October 1777
General William Howe and 2,200 British troops marched towards Breed's Hill. There, Colonel William Prescott told the militia men, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes!" Eventually, after all the murderous fire, the British won the battle. Although, they had lost more than 1,000 men.
Valley Forge, 1777-78
George Washington and his troops crossed the icy and almost frozen Delaware River to get to Trenton. There at Trenton the troops caught or killed more than 900 Hessians. The Americans also took supplies that they were in need of. Thomas Paine even stated, "These are times that try men's souls..." due to the lack of supplies and cold weather conditions. A while later, Washington's army had won a battle at Princeton. These victories helped the army recruit more troops.
Fort Sackville, May 1778- February 1779
General Burgoyne and his British army were running out of supplies. Despite this, the British also got into a battle where Burgoyne was, "like a madman", while his group of Hessians began to fall back. (a sergeant). Burgoyne and his troops continued on, but by the time they met they Continental Army, they were almost to tired to fight. Soon, Burgoyne surrendured. The continous victories were a turning point in the Revolutionary War.
The winter in Valley Forge was a very cold and terrible time. George Washington and his soldiers had little to no supplies. Marquis de Lafayette even wrote, "The soldiers were in want of everything...". Many soldiers also caught diseases or froze to death from the harsh weather. Despite the harsh conditions, Washington and many of his soldiers pulled through the winter at Valley Forge.
George Rogers Clark was determined to reclaim Fort Sackville. He even once stated, "If a country is not worth protecting, then it is not worth claiming." Clark and the American troops set out and attacked Henry Hamilton and his army by surprise. Clark claimed to have more men then he actually did in order to scare the British away. Eventually , Clark and his men reclaimed Fort Sackville. This gave the Americans a hold between the region of the great Lakes and the Ohio River.