You must all be part of my church of you will suffer the consequences!
King Henry announces that he is the head of a new church called "The Church of England." Those who refuse to join the Church of England and harassed, fined, and even put in jail.
Those who want freedom move to the Netherlands, but fear the loss of their identity as English and so they move again.
A company of investors provide passage for colonists and supply them with tools, clothing, and other supplies. The colonists in turn will work for the company and send natural resources back to England. This trade will last for seven years.
After twice turning back to England because Speedwell leaked, they were forced to leave the ship. As a result, many families were divided when some passengers had to be turned back for lack of space. A month after first leaving England, on September 6, 1620, Mayflower set out alone with 102 passengers.
Mayflower arrived in New England on November 11,1620 after a voyage of 66 days. It was here, in Cape Cod Bay, that most of the adult men on the ship signed the document that we know as the Mayflower Compact. It laid the foundation for the community’s government.
Mayflower arrived in Plymouth Harbor on December 16, 1620 and the colonists began building their town. While houses were being built, the group continued to live on the ship. Many of the colonists fell ill. Only 52 people survived the first year in Plymouth.